Random Analytics: MERS-CoV in the Middle East (to 16 May 2014)
by Shane Granger
***** Please note that this infographic of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was updated with public source information to 2100hrs 17 May 2014 EST *****
The above infographic is a look into the MERS-CoV with specific emphasis on its cases within the Middle East. The data is taken primarily from the latest ECDC update (see appended) plus the most recent update from the Saudi Arabian MoH (care of Al Jazeera). Since I last updated this infographic back in November 2013 the cases have exploded, especially in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. New Middle East countries have also been added since November including Egypt, Lebanon and Yemen.
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control has released its latest update on the MERS-CoV. Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) for 16 May 2014. Excerpt:
ECDC notes the decision of Margaret Chan, the Director General of WHO, on 14 May 2014 not to call the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) as the conditions have not been met yet. This decision was based on the advice of the WHO Emergency Committee under the IHR on MERS-CoV. However the committee indicated that, based on current information, “the seriousness of the situation had increased in terms of public health impact, but that there is no evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission.”
Since April 2012 and as of 16 May 2014, 621 cases of MERS-CoV infection have been reported globally, including 188 deaths.
On 11 May 2014 a second imported case of MERS-CoV was confirmed by the United States’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
On 13 May 2014, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) in the Netherlands reported the first imported case of MERS-CoV in the country. On 15 May 2014 a second case, who travelled with the first case, was reported.
Confirmed cases and deaths by region:
- Saudi Arabia: 511 cases/160 deaths
- United Arab Emirates: 67 cases/9 deaths
- Qatar: 7 cases/4 deaths
- Jordan: 9 cases/4 deaths
- Oman: 2 cases/2 deaths
- Kuwait: 3 cases/1 death
- Egypt: 1 case/0 deaths
- Yemen: 1 case/1 death
- Lebanon: 1 case/0 deaths
- UK: 4 cases/3 deaths
- Germany: 2 cases/1 death
- France: 2 cases/1 death
- Italy: 1 case/0 deaths
- Greece: 1 case/0 deaths
- Netherlands: 2 cases/0 deaths
- Tunisia: 3 cases/1 death
- Malaysia: 1 case/1 death
- Philippines: 1 case/0 deaths
- United States of America: 2 cases/0 deaths
Most cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East. Local secondary transmission following importation was reported from the United Kingdom, France, and Tunisia.